CHAPTER 11
CITY OF NORTHGLENN ZONING ORDINANCE

ARTICLE 33
OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING

Section 11-33-1. General. Off-street parking and loading requirements are included in this Zoning Ordinance to lessen congestion upon the public streets of the City, to enhance the protection of the public health, safety, and welfare, and the regulations hereinafter stated are in pursuance thereof by requiring the owners and operators of land, structures, and uses to provide parking on their own premises in accordance with the demand generated by such land, structure, or use. These regulations shall apply to all uses in all districts.

(a)

No land shall be used or occupied, no structures shall be designed, erected or altered, and no use shall be operated unless the off-street parking and loading space herein required is provided and maintained in the manner herein set forth. However, off-street parking and loading space need not be provided as herein required for land or structures actually used, occupied, and operated on the effective date of this Ordinance. Off-street parking and loading space which has been provided prior to the effective date of this Ordinance shall not be permanently reduced or infringed upon in any manner creating conditions not in conformance with the requirements of this Ordinance.

(b)

All off-street parking shall be in conformity with the table on the following page, unless otherwise approved by the Planning Commission.

Parking Lot Requirements

(c)

Parking in required yards. Parking shall be allowed in any required yard in any zone district except as otherwise provided in this Ordinance and except in R-3, R-3-A, and R-4 Zone Districts. Parking in R-3, R-3-A, and R-4 Zone Districts shall not be allowed in front of the front line of the principal building; however, the area in front of the principal building may be used for ingress and egress.

[Source: Ord. 179, 1973]

Section 11-33-2. Location. The off-street parking area shall be located on the same property as the principal structure or use, except that in Commercial, Industrial, and Open Zone Districts, the off-street parking area may be within 200 feet of the property line, exclusive of street and alley widths, of the principal use for which the off-street parking is being provided but within Commercial, Industrial, or Open Zone Districts.

[Source: Ord. 179, 1973]

Section 11-33-3. Joint Parking Facilities. Wherever two or more uses are located together in a common building, shopping center, or other integrated building complex, the parking requirements may be complied with by providing a permanent common parking facility, cooperatively established and operated, which contains the requisite number of spaces for each use. The total number of spaces provided shall not be less than the sum of the individual requirements.

[Source: Ord. 179, 1973]

Section 11-33-4. Construction and Maintenance of Off-Street Parking Space. The following provisions shall apply to off-street parking areas:

(a)

All parking areas shall be properly graded for drainage, shall be hard surfaced and maintained in good condition, free of weeds, loose trash, and debris.

(b)

No parking area shall be used for the sale, storage, repair, dismantling, or servicing of any vehicles, equipment, materials, or supplies.

(c)

All parking areas shall be used only for vehicles up to and including one ton manufacturer's capacity rating.

(d)

Vehicular ingress and egress to public rights-of-way from off-street parking areas containing in excess of six spaces shall be so combined, limited, located, designed, and controlled with flared and/or channelized intersections as to direct traffic to and from such public rights-of-way conveniently, safely, and in traffic flow on the streets without excessive interruption.

[Source: Ord. 179, 1973]

Section 11-33-5. Off-Street Parking Lots. Whenever off-street parking lots for more than six vehicles are to be located within or adjacent to a residential district, the following provisions shall apply:

(a)

All sides of the lot abutting the residential district shall be enclosed with an opaque, ornamental fence, wall, dense evergreen hedge, or landscaped berm having a height of not less than six feet measured from the parking lot surface. Such fence, wall, hedge, or berm shall be maintained in good condition.

(b)

Lighting facilities shall be so arranged that they neither unreasonably disturb occupants of adjacent residential properties nor interfere with traffic and shall not exceed 25 feet in height.

(c)

No sign of any kind shall be erected except information signs used to guide traffic and to state the conditions and terms of the use of the lot. Signs may be illuminated only from a concealed light source and shall not flash, blink, or fluctuate.

[Source: Ord. 179, 1973]

Section 11-33-6. Minimum Off-Street Parking Requirements. The following minimum off-street parking requirements shall apply to the uses indicated, to-wit:

(a)

Fraternity and sorority houses, dormitories and lodging, rooming, and boarding houses: one (1) parking space for each 300 square feet of gross floor area.

(b)

Hotels: one (1) space per two (2) rooms plus one (1) space per two (2) employees. Motels, tourist homes and auto courts: one (1) parking space for each unit, plus one (1) space for the owner or manager, plus each additional space as required herein because of any supplementary parking generative activities such as bars, commercial dining rooms, and the like.

(c)

Hospitals: one (1) parking space for each two (2) patient beds, plus one (1) space per each staff or visiting doctor, plus one (1) space per two (2) employees.

(d)

Nursing homes and convalescent homes: one (1) parking space for each four (4) patient beds plus one (1) space per doctor, plus one (1) space per two (2) employees.

(e)

Medical and dental clinics, including animal hospitals: three (3) parking spaces per practicing doctor, plus one (1) space per employee.

(f)

Mortuaries, funeral parlors, and undertaking establishments: one (1) parking space for each four (4) seating spaces, plus one (1) space per staff or company vehicle.

(g)

Bowling alleys: four (4) parking spaces for each alley, plus one (1) additional space for each two (2) employees.

(h)

Convention halls, dance halls, skating rinks, and assembly halls: one (1) parking space for each four (4) seats provided for patron use, plus one (1) space for each 100 square feet of floor or ground area used for amusement or assembly not containing fixed seats.

(i)

Stadiums, sports arenas, auditoriums, and gymnasiums, except when incidental to a school and/or indoor theater: one (1) parking space for each three (3) seats.

(j)

Church, high school, college, and university auditoriums: one (1) parking space for each three (3) seats provided in such building or structure.

(k)

Banks, business and professional offices, and public administration buildings: one (1) parking space for each 300 square feet of gross floor area.

(l)

Establishments handling the sale and consumption on the premises of alcoholic beverages, food or refreshments: one (1) parking space for each three (3) seats, plus one (1) spare space for each two (2) employees on the largest shift.

(m)

Retail sales and service businesses: one (1) parking space for every 200 square feet of gross floor area.

(n)

Wholesale sales and service businesses: one (1) space per each two (2) employees plus one (1) space per 300 square feet of gross floor area.

(o)

Motor vehicle sales and repair businesses: one (1) space for each two (2) employees on the largest shift plus two (2) spaces for each 300 square feet of repair or maintenance area.

(p)

Manufacturing and industrial uses:

(1)

One (1) off-street parking space for each two (2) employees, based on the number of combined employees of the two largest successive shifts.

(2)

One (1) parking space for each company vehicle based at the plant, in addition to employee parking.

(3)

An amount equal to 10 percent of employee parking area for the major shift shall be provided for customers and visitors, in addition to employee and company vehicle parking.

(4)

Plant or employee expansion shall provide for employee and company vehicle parking in the ratio as indicated above.

(5)

Off-street parking requirements shall apply to any change in industrial occupancy.

(q)

Residences: two (2) parking spaces for each dwelling unit and may be in a garage or carport or on a slab or driveway, except in the R-1-C Zone, within which one (1) space per dwelling unit is required.

(r)

Gasoline service stations: two (2) parking spaces plus one (1) parking space for each 200 square feet of sales and service floor area.

(s)

Regional shopping centers of 40 acres or more in size: five (5) parking spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross leaseable area. For the purposes of this Section, "gross leaseable area" means the total gross floor area within buildings which are occupied exclusively by individual tenants and upon which the tenants pay rent.

(t)

Land uses not specifically mentioned in Sections (a) through (s) shall have required parking spaces determined by the Department of Community Development based on the site plan and operation plan of the proposed development.

[Source: Ord. 489, 1977]

Section 11-33-7. Parking Plans.

(a)

When private parking areas are provided, a plot plan drawn to scale, accurately depicting the area to be allocated to parking shall be filed with any application for a building permit in an R-3, R-3-A, R-4, or any commercial or industrial district. The plot plan shall contain the following information:

(1)

Legal description of area;

(2)

Diagram of parking spaces;

(3)

Details on entrances, exits, and aisles;

(4)

Location and size of any drainage facilities; the direction of flow; the areas drained by such facilities; and any other information that will show the collection, transporting, and disposal of run-off from precipitation on the parking lot;

(5)

Location and size of structures for which off-street parking is required. Such parking plan shall be filed in the records of the Building Department.

(b)

Amendment of Parking Plan. Based upon showing of change of contingent use or change of condition, minor amendments in any parking plan previously filed may be permitted subject to the approval of the Planning Commission. Such amendment shall be filed in the records of the Building Department.

[Source: Ord. 179, 1973]

Section 11-33-8. Off-Street Loading Spaces. Off-street loading spaces in commercial and industrial districts shall be governed by the following provisions:

(a)

Duty to Provide Off-Street Loading Space. The duty to provide the off-street loading space herein required shall be the joint and several responsibility of the operator and owner of the structure or structures for which off-street loading space is required to be provided. No structure shall be designed, erected, altered, used, or occupied unless the off-street loading space herein required is provided and maintained in the manner herein set forth.

(b)

Location of Off-Street Loading Space. Off-street loading space shall be located on the same lot as the structure for which it is provided.

(c)

Amount of Off-Street Loading Space Required. The minimum required amount of off-street loading space, plus an additional area or means for ingress and egress which is adequate for maneuvering, shall be provided as follows:

(1)

For each business use, there shall be one (1) off-street loading space for each 12,500 square feet of gross floor area or increment thereof up to 25,000 square feet, and there shall be one (1) additional loading space for each additional 25,000 square feet of gross floor area or increment thereof. Each off-street loading space shall have a net area of not less than 200 square feet.

(2)

For each manufacturing or industrial use, there shall be off-street loading space required as specified in the following table. Each space is to be not less than 35 feet in length, 12 feet in width, and 15 feet in height.

Sq. Ft. of Gross Floor Area Min. Required No. of Spaces
Less than 40,000 sq. ft. 1
40,001 up to & including 100,000 sq. ft. 2
100,001 up to & including 160,000 sq. ft. 3
160,001 up to & including 240,000 sq. ft. 4
240,001 up to & including 320,000 sq. ft. 5
320,001 up to & including 400,000 sq. ft. 6
For each additional 90,000 sq. ft. over 400,000 sq ft. 1 additional space

[Source: Ord. 179, 1973]